Nutrient

Definition

Acetyl L-CarnitineAcetyl-L-carnitine, ALCAR or ALC, is an acetylated form of L-carnitine. Acetylcarnitine is broken down in the blood by plasma esterases to carnitine which is used by the body to transport fatty acids into the mitochondria for breakdown.
Agmatine SulfateAgmatine, also known as (4-aminobutyl)guanidine, is a derivative of the amino acid l-arginine. Stored in neurons, this compound (also referred to as “super arginine”) is known to assist with central nervous system function, primarily as a neuromodulator and neurotransmitter.
AlanineAn amino acid which is a constituent of most proteins.
Alpha GPCL-Alpha glycerylphosphorylcholine (alpha-GPC, choline alfoscerate) is a natural choline compound found in the brain. It is also a parasympathomimetic acetylcholine precursor which may have potential for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias.
Alpha Hydroxy Isocaproic Acid [HICA]2-Hydroxyisocaproic acid (HICA or leucic acid) is a metabolite of the branched-chain amino acid leucine. It is commonly sold as a purported muscle building supplement. It also has fungicidal properties.
Alpha LactalbuminAlpha-Lactalbumin is a protein that regulates the production of lactose in the milk of almost all mammalian species.[8] In primates, alpha-lactalbumin expression is upregulated in response to the hormone prolactin and increases the production of lactose
Alpha Lipoic AcidLipoic acid (LA), also known as α-lipoic acid and alpha lipoic acid (ALA) and thioctic acid is an organosulfur compound derived from caprylic acid (octanoic acid). ALA is made in animals normally, and is essential for aerobic metabolism.
AmylaseAmylaseis an enzyme that catalyses the hydrolysis of starch into sugars. Amylase is present in the saliva of humans and some other mammals, where it begins the chemical process of digestion. Foods that contain large amounts of starch but little sugar, such as rice and potatoes, may acquire a slightly sweet taste as they are chewed because amylase degrades some of their starch into sugar. 
ArginineIn the body, the amino acid arginine changes into nitric oxide (NO). Nitric oxide is a powerful neurotransmitter that helps blood vessels relax and also improves circulation. Some evidence shows that arginine may help improve blood flow in the arteries of the heart.
AsparagineAsparagine is a non-essential amino acid in humans, Asparagine is a beta-amido derivative of aspartic acid and plays an important role in the biosynthesis of glycoproteins and other proteins. A metabolic precursor to aspartate, Asparagine is a nontoxic carrier of residual ammonia to be eliminated from the body.
Aspartic AcidAspartic Acid is a non-essential amino acid in humans, Aspartic Acid has an overall negative charge and plays an important role in the synthesis of other amino acids and in the citric acid and urea cycles. Asparagine, arginine, lysine, methionine, isoleucine, and some nucleotides are synthesized from aspartic acid.
BCAAsBCAAs stands for “Branched Chain Amino Acids.” Amino acids are the building blocks of protein.
Beta AlanineBeta Alanine is a non-essential amino acid and is the only naturally occurring beta-amino acid. Beta Alanine’s main effect comes from its ability to boost the synthesis of carnosine. This can help ward off fatigue leading to more intense and longer training sessions.
Beta LactoglobulinBeta-lactoglobulin (Blg) is a major cow’s milk allergen. It is the main whey protein, without any counterpart in human milk. Blg chemical hydrolysates appeared to retain most of the immunoreactivity of the native protein
Betaine AnhydrousBetaine anhydrous is a chemical that occurs naturally in the body. … Betaine anhydrous supplements are most commonly used for reducing blood homocysteine levels and trying to improve athletic performance.
Bifidobacterium BifidumBifidobacterium bifidum is a bacterial species of the genus Bifidobacterium. B. bifidum is one of the most common probiotic bacteria that can be found in the body of mammals, including humans
BioperineBioperine is pure piperine extract obtained from black pepper fruits. It enhances the bioavailability of herbs and other nutrients through increased absorption.
BiotinA vitamin of the B complex, found in egg yolk, liver, and yeast. It is involved in the synthesis of fatty acids and glucose.
Bovine Serum AlbuminBovine serum albumin is a serum albumin protein derived from cows. It is often used as a protein concentration standard in lab experiments
C. canephora robusta ExtractCommonly known as robusta coffee, is a species of coffee that has its origins in central and western sub-Saharan Africa. … Though widely known as Coffea robusta, the plant is scientifically identified as Coffea canephora, which has two main varieties, robusta and nganda.
CaffeineAn alkaloid compound which is found especially in tea and coffee plants and is a stimulant of the central nervous system.
CalciumCalcium is essential for healthy bones and is also important for muscle contraction, heart action, and normal blood clotting. Food sources of calcium include dairy foods; some leafy green vegetables, such as broccoli and collards; canned salmon; clams; oysters; calcium-fortified foods; and soy foods, such as tofu.
CaloriesA unit of energy, often used as a measurement of the amount of energy that food provides
CarbohydratesCarbohydrates are the sugars, starches and fibers found in fruits, grains, vegetables and milk products. Though often maligned in trendy diets,
Carnitine A quaternary ammonium compound C7H15NO3 that is present especially in vertebrate muscle, is involved in the transfer of fatty acids across mitochondrial membranes, and in humans is obtained from food (as meat or milk) or is synthesized from a lysine derivative.
ChamomileAn aromatic European plant of the daisy family, with white and yellow daisy-like flowe
ChlorideA compound of chlorine with another element or group, especially a salt of the anion Cl− or an organic compound with chlorine bonded to an alkyl group.
Cholesterola compound of the sterol type found in most body tissues. Cholesterol and its derivatives are important constituents of cell membranes and precursors of other steroid compounds, but a high proportion in the blood of low-density lipoprotein (which transports cholesterol to the tissues) is associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease.
CholineA strongly basic compound important in the synthesis and transport of lipids in the body.
ChromiumChromium is an essential trace mineral that can improve insulin sensitivity and enhance protein, carbohydrate, and lipid metabolism. It is a metallic element that people need very small quantities.
CitrullineA non-standard amino acid that is not normally present in protein. Citrulline is created in the body as an intermediate in the conversion of the amino acid ornithine to arginine in a metabolic pathway called the urea cycle.
Citrulline MalateCitrulline Malate is a pre cursor to Arginine. It can help users increase nitric oxide levels, which may lead to increased strength and endurance, through the increase in blood flow, glucose uptake and oxygen delivery to the muscles.
ColostrumColostrum is a milky substance that is produced by the breasts of mammals in the days prior to and the first few days following birth. It precedes the arrival of true breast milk production. … Colostrum contains many nutritional benefits including proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, and antibodies.
Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA)Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) are a family of at least 28 isomers of linoleic acid found mostly in the meat and dairy products derived from ruminants. … CLA is marketed as a dietary supplement on the basis of its supposed health benefit
CopperCopper works with iron to help the body form red blood cells. It also helps keep the blood vessels, nerves, immune system, and bones healthy. Copper also aids in iron absorption
CreatineA compound the body synthesizes (makes) and then utilizes to store energy. The storage of energy occurs when phosphate molecules are attached to creatine to create creatine phosphate. 
Creatine AnhydrousCreatine containing no water.
Creatine Ethyl EsterCreatine Ethyl Ester, or CEE, is the most modern variety of creatine. It is made using ester technology or esterification which is the chemical process of combining an organic acid like creatine with an alcohol to produce a new compoun
Creatine HydrochlorideCreatine HCL. Of all the supplements, creatine is among the most potent supplements for building muscle. The amino acid has been used for quite a long time now and it has proven to be a very effective supplement. It naturally exists in the body with 95% of the substance located in the skeletal muscle tissue.
Creatine MonohydrateCreatine monohydrate is simply a molecule of creatine accompanied by a molecule of water for added stability.
Creatine PyruvateCreatine Pyruvate is a designer mix of Creatine Monohydrate and Pyruvic Acid but with more of the Monohydrate in it.
CysteineA sulphur-containing amino acid which occurs in keratins and other proteins, often in the form of cystine, and is a constituent of many enzymes.
CystineA compound which is an oxidized dimer of cysteine and is the form in which cysteine often occurs in organic tissue.
DextroseThe dextrorotatory form of glucose (and the predominant naturally occurring form).
Di Arginine MalateDi-Arginine Malate is a double bonded amino acid (arginine) molecularly bound to malic acid that can help to boost growth hormone and create an anabolic environment in the body for muscle growth
Di Creatine MalateDi Creatine Malate (two molecules creatine malate) is the most modern and most powerful formula of creatine malate, coupled to a molecule containing a combination of molecules of creatine and malate molecule
DietThe kinds of food that a person, animal, or community habitually eats.
Dietary FibreDietary fibre is a type of carbohydrate that cannot be digested by our bodies’ enzymes. It is found in edible plant foods such as cereals, fruits, vegetables, dried peas, nuts, lentils and grains. Fibre is grouped by its physical properties and is called soluble, insoluble or resistant starch.
DimethylglycineDimethylglycine is a derivative of the amino acid glycine with the structural formula (CH3)2NCH2COOH. It can be found in beans and liver. It can be formed from trimethylglycine upon the loss of one of its methyl groups. It is also a byproduct of the metabolism of choline.
Enzyme BlendA substance produced by a living organism that acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reaction.
Enzyme Digestion ComplexDigestive enzymes are a group of enzymes that break down polymeric macromolecules into their smaller building blocks, in order to facilitate their absorption by the body.
Fat The body uses fat as a fuel source, and fat is the major storage form of energy in the body. Fat also has many other important functions in the body, and a moderate amount is needed in the diet for good health. Fats in food come in several forms, including saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated.
Folate Salt or ester of folic acid
Folic AcidA vitamin of the B complex found especially in leafy green vegetables, liver, and kidney.
Garcinia Cambogia ExtractGarcinia is a plant genus of the family Clusiaceae native to Asia, America, Australia, tropical and southern Africa, and Polynesia.
Glutamic AcidAn acidic amino acid which is a constituent of many proteins.
GlutamineA hydrophilic amino acid which is a constituent of most proteins
GlutenA mixture of two proteins present in cereal grains, especially wheat, which is responsible for the elastic texture of dough.
GlycerolA colourless, sweet, viscous liquid formed as a by-product in soap manufacture. It is used as an emollient and laxative, and for making explosives and antifreeze.
GlycineThe simplest naturally occurring amino acid, which is a constituent of most proteins.
GlycomacropeptideGlycomacropeptide (GMP) is a C-terminal part (f 106–169) of kappa-casein which is released in whey during cheese making by the action of chymosin. GMP being a biologically active component has gained much attention in the past decade. 
Green Coffee ExtractGreen coffee extract is an extract of unroasted, green coffee beans. Green coffee extract has been used as a weight-loss supplement and as an ingredient in other weight-loss products.
Green Tea ExtractGreen tea extract is simply green tea leaves prepared as a supplement, and it’s high in a class of antioxidants called polyphenols. Green tea extract can accelerate fat loss and improve joint, gut, skin, and heart health, and reduce muscle soreness after exercise.
GuaranaA substance prepared from the seeds of a Brazilian shrub, used as a tonic or stimulant.
HigenamineHigenamine is a chemical found in several plants including aconite, asarum, lotus, and Lamarck’s bedstraw, sacred bamboo, and others.
HistidineA basic amino acid which is a constituent of most proteins. It is an essential nutrient in the diet of vertebrates, and is the source from which histamine is derived in the body.
HordenineHordenine (N,N-dimethyltyramine) is an alkaloid of the phenethylamine class that occurs naturally in a variety of plants, taking its name from one of the most common, barley (Hordeum species).
Huperzine AHuperzine A is a naturally occurring sesquiterpene alkaloid compound found in the firmoss Huperzia serrata and in varying quantities in other Huperzia species, including H. elmeri, H. carinat, and H. aqualupian.
Hydroxycitric Acid (HCA)Hydroxycitric acid (HCA) is a derivative of citric acid that is found in a variety of tropical plants including Garcinia cambogia and Hibiscus subdariffa. There are four isomers, (+)- and (-)-hydroxycitric acid, and (+)- and (-)-allo-hydroxycitric acid. The (-)-hydroxycitric acid isomer is the one found in Garcinia.
Hydroxyproline(2S,4R)-4-Hydroxyproline, or L-hydroxyproline (C5H9O3N), is a common non-proteinogenic amino acid, abbreviated as Hyp, e.g., in Protein Data Bank.
Immunoglobulin GImmunoglobulin G (IgG) is a type of antibody. … Each IgG has two antigen binding sites. Representing approximately 75% of serum antibodies in humans, IgG is the most common type of antibody found in the circulation.
Indigofera pulchraA genus of tropical herbs and shrubs (family Leguminosae) having odd-pinnate leaves and flowers with keel petals laterally spurred 
InositolA simple carbohydrate which occurs in animal and plant tissue and is a vitamin of the B group.
IodineAn element in the diet that is essential for the manufacture of hormones by the thyroid gland. 
IronIron is necessary for the transport of oxygen (via hemoglobin in red blood cells) and for oxidation by cells (via cytochrome). Deficiency of iron is a common cause of anemia. Food sources of iron include meat, poultry, eggs, vegetables and cereals
IsoleucineA hydrophobic amino acid that is a constituent of most proteins. It is an essential nutrient in the diet of vertebrates.
KelpThe calcined ashes of seaweed, used as a source of various salts.
Lactobacillus AcidophilusThis bacteria is part of the normal flora of the human and animal mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina. … L. acidophilus is found in milk and fermented products like yogurt with “active cultures” and in the form of supplements.
Lactobacillus RhamnosusLactobacillus rhamnosus is a bacterium that originally was considered to be a subspecies of L. casei, but later genetic research found it to be a species of its own. It is a short Gram-positive heterofermentative facultative anaerobic non-spore-forming rod that often appears in chains.
Lactosea sugar present in milk. It is a disaccharide containing glucose and galactose units.
L-Carnitine L-TartrateL-carnitine, the biologically active form of carnitine, is a carrier molecule that transports activated long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs)from the cytosol to mitochondria where fatty acids are oxidized, resulting in ATP production,. L-tartrate, a salt of tartaric acid, is a potent antioxidant.
LecithinA substance widely distributed in animal tissues, egg yolk, and some higher plants, consisting of phospholipids linked to choline.
LeucineA hydrophobic amino acid which is a constituent of most proteins. It is an essential nutrient in the diet of vertebrates.
LysineA basic amino acid which is a constituent of most proteins. It is an essential nutrient in the diet of vertebrates.
MagnesiumA mineral involved in many processes in the body including nerve signaling, the building of healthy bones, and normal muscle contraction. About 350 enzymes are known to depend on magnesium.
Magnesium Creatine ChelateMagnesium creatine chelate which is a patented form manufactured by Albion Labs. … First, magnesium is an alkali compound which counteracts the acidic environment in the stomach which can otherwise lead to creatine being degraded into creatinine.
MaltodextrinDextrin containing maltose, used as a food additive.
ManganeseManganese is a mineral that is found in several foods including nuts, legumes, seeds, tea, whole grains, and leafy green vegetables. It is considered an essential nutrient, because the body requires it to function properly.
Medium-Chain Triglycerides (MCT)Medium chain triglycerides (MCTs) are partially man-made fats. The name refers to the way the carbon atoms are arranged in their chemical structure. MCTs are generally made by processing coconut and palm kernel oils in the laboratory.
MethionineA sulphur-containing amino acid which is a constituent of most proteins and is essential to the diet of vertebrates.
MolybdenumMolybdenum is a trace element considered a micronutrient, meaning a nutrient needed in very small amounts. It is required by almost all living organisms and works as a cofactor for enzymes that carry out important chemical transformations in the global carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur cycles.
Monunsaturated FatFatty acids that have one double bond in the fatty acid chain with all of the remainder carbon atoms being single-bonded.
N-AcetylN-acetyl cysteine is used to counteract acetaminophen (Tylenol) and carbon monoxide poisoning
Niacina vitamin of the B complex which is widely distributed in foods such as milk, wheat germ, and meat, and can be synthesized in the body from tryptophan. Its deficiency causes pellagra.
NiacinamideA bitter crystalline basic amide C6H6N2O that is a member of the vitamin B complex and is formed from and converted to niacin in the living organism, that occurs naturally usually as a constituent of coenzymes, and that is used similarly to niacin
NorvalineNorvaline (abbreviated as Nva) is an amino acid with the formula CH3(CH2)2CH(NH2)CO2H. The compound is an isomer of the more common amino acid valine. Like most other α-amino acids, norvaline is chiral. It is a white, water-soluble solid.
OrnithineAn amino acid which is produced by the body and is important in protein metabolism.
Pantothenic AcidA vitamin of the B complex, found in rice, bran, and many other foods, and essential for the oxidation of fats and carbohydrates.
PapainA protein-digesting enzyme obtained from unripe papaya fruit, used to tenderize meat and as a food supplement to aid digestion.
Para-aminobenzoic acidA crystalline acid that is widely distributed in plant and animal tissue. It has been used to treat rickettsial infections and is widely used in suntan lotions and sunscreens to absorb ultraviolet light.
PhaseolaminPhaseolamin is a generic name for a proteinaceous inhibitor of the enzyme alpha-amylase that is made from white beans
PhenylalanineAn amino acid widely distributed in plant proteins. It is an essential nutrient in the diet of vertebrates
PhosphorusPhosphorus is a mineral that makes up 1% of a person’s total body weight. … It is present in every cell of the body. Most of the phosphorus in the body is found in the bones and teeth
Polyunsaturated FatFats in which the constituent hydrocarbon chain possesses two or more carbon–carbon double bonds.
PotassiumPotassium is a mineral that’s found in the foods you eat. It’s also an electrolyte. Electrolytes conduct electrical impulses throughout the body. They assist in a range of essential body functions, including: blood pressure
ProlineA dietary nonessential amino acid, proline is a major constituent of collagen
Protein One of the three nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Proteins are essential components of the muscle, skin, and bones.
Proteose PeptoneProteose Peptone No. 4 is a spray-dried version of Bacto Proteose Peptone. It offers the same beneficial nutrients as Proteose Peptone for growth promotion and toxin production with a wide range of fastidious microorganisms. Availability.
PyroglutamicPyroglutamic acid (also known as PCA, 5-oxoproline, pidolic acid, or pyroglutamate for its basic form) is a ubiquitous but little studied natural amino acid derivative in which the free amino group of glutamic acid or glutamine cyclizes to form a lactam.
Rhodiola RoseaRhodiola rosea (commonly golden root, rose root, roseroot, Aaron’s rod, Arctic root, king’s crown, lignum rhodium, orpin rose) is a perennial flowering plant in the family Crassulaceae.
Rose Hip ExtractRose hips are commonly used as a herbal tea, often blended with hibiscus, and an oil is also extracted from the seeds. They can also be used to make jam, jelly, marmalade, and rose hip wine.
Saturated FatA type of fat containing a high proportion of fatty acid molecules without double bonds, considered to be less healthy in the diet than unsaturated fat.
SecurinegaSecurinega is a genus of plants in the family Phyllanthaceae, first described as a genus in 1789. As presently conceived, the genus is native to Madagascar and the Mascarene Islands in the Indian Ocean.
SeleniumAn essential mineral that is a component of an antioxidant enzyme, glutathione reductase, that is key in tissue respiration. Food sources of selenium include seafoods; some meats, such as kidney and liver; and some grains and seeds.
SerineAn amino acid, one of the 20 building blocks of protein. A dietary nonessential amino acid, serine is present in many proteins participates in the synthesis of purines and pyrimidines, and is in the active sites of many enzymes.
Serving SizeThe portion of food used as a reference on the nutrition label of that food. 
SkullcapSkullcap is a plant. … Skullcap is used for trouble sleeping (insomnia), anxiety, stroke, and paralysis caused by stroke. It is also used for fever, high cholesterol, “hardening of the arteries” (atherosclerosis), rabies, epilepsy, nervous tension, allergies, skin infections, inflammation, and spasms.
SodiumSodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. … When sodium is combined with chloride, the resulting substance is a crystal called table salt. Excess dietary sodium is largely excreted in the urine, but too much salt in the diet tends to increase the blood pressure.
SugarA sweet crystalline substance obtained from various plants, especially sugar cane and sugar beet, consisting essentially of sucrose, and used as a sweetener in food and drink.
SynephrineBitter orange is a tree native to Asia. The peel, flower, leaf, fruit, and fruit juice are used to make medicine. Bitter orange contains an active ingredient called synephrine that is similar to ephedra.
TartrateA salt or ester of tartaric acid.
TaurineAn amino acid containing sulphur and important in the metabolism of fats.
TheacrineTheacrine, also known as 1,3,7,9-tetramethyluric acid, is a purine alkaloid found in Cupuaçu (Theobroma grandiflorum) and in a Chinese tea known as kucha
TheanineTheanine is an amino acid (a building block for proteins) found in green tea. People use theanine for treating anxiety and high blood pressure, for preventing Alzheimer’s disease, and for making cancer drugs more effective.
TheobromineA bitter, volatile compound obtained from cacao seeds. It is an alkaloid resembling caffeine in its physiological effects.
ThreonineA hydrophilic amino acid which is a constituent of most proteins. It is an essential nutrient in the diet of vertebrates.
TocotrienolsThe vitamin E family comprise four tocotrienols (alpha, beta, gamma, delta) and four tocopherols (alpha, beta, gamma, delta)
Tongkat ALITongkat ali (Eurycoma longifolia) is a tree native to Southeast Asian countries such as Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia. The root of the tree contains compounds called quassinoids and alkaloids and is the part of the tree that is used medicinally.
Trans FatAn unsaturated fatty acid of a type occurring in margarines and manufactured cooking oils as a result of the hydrogenation process, having a trans arrangement of the carbon atoms adjacent to its double bonds. Consumption of such acids is thought to increase the risk of atherosclerosis.
Tri Creatine OrotateTri Creatine Orotate is often referred to as a ‘next generation’ Creatine, as it is an evolved version of Creatine Monohydrate
TribulusA genus of chiefly tropical or subtropical herbs (family Zygophyllaceae) introduced into North America with pinnate leaves and yellow or white flowers succeeded by a spiny or prickly fruit of five indehiscent tuberculate carpels 
Tri-Creatine MalateTri-creatine malate is a compound made from creatine monohydrate and malic acid. The substance is so named because the compound is made from three creatine molecules attached to one molecule of malic acid.
TryptophanAn amino acid which is a constituent of most proteins. It is an essential nutrient in the diet of vertebrates.
TyrosineTyrosine is an amino acid. Amino acids are the building blocks of protein. The body makes tyrosine from another amino acid called phenylalanine. … Tyrosine is also commonly used to improve learning, memory, and alertness, especially during stressful situations.
ValineAn amino acid which is a constituent of most proteins. It is an essential nutrient in the diet of vertebrates.
Vitamin AAnother term for retinol. A yellow compound found in green and yellow vegetables, egg yolk, and fish-liver oil. It is essential for growth and for vision in dim light.
Vitamin B1Another term for Thiamine. Found in unrefined cereals, beans, and liver, a deficiency of which causes beriberi. It is a sulphur-containing derivative of thiazole and pyrimidine.
Vitamin B12Another term for cyanocobalamin. A vitamin derived from foods of animal origin such as liver, fish, and eggs, a deficiency of which can cause pernicious anaemia. It contains a cyanide group bonded to the central cobalt atom of a cobalamin molecule.
Vitamin B2Another term for riboflavin.  a yellow vitamin of the B complex which is essential for metabolic energy production. It is present in many foods, especially milk, liver, eggs, and green vegetables, and is also synthesized by the intestinal flora.
Vitamin B3Also known as niacin or nicotinic acid, is a water-soluble vitamin, used by the human body as nicotinamide (also called ‘niacinamide’) to form the coenzymes nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate 
Vitamin B5Also known as pantothenic acid, or Pantothenate. The word pantothenic comes from the Greek “pantou,” meaning everywhere. Nearly all foods contain small quantities of pantothenic acid
Vitamin B6Another term for pyridoxine. A colourless weakly basic solid present chiefly in cereals, liver oils, and yeast, and important in the metabolism of unsaturated fatty acids.
Vitamin B7Also known as biotin, vitamin H or vitamin B8, is a water-soluble vitamin, required by all organisms and is classified as a B-complex vitamin.
Vitamin B9More commonly known as folate (naturally-occurring form of B9) or folic acid (a synthetic form), is a water-soluble vitamin that is part of the B vitamin family. … Folate occurs naturally in foods, while folic acid is the synthetic form of folate.
Vitamin CAnother term for ascorbic acid. a vitamin found particularly in citrus fruits and green vegetables. It is essential in maintaining healthy connective tissue, and is also thought to act as an antioxidant. Severe deficiency causes scurvy.
Vitamin DAny of a group of vitamins found in liver and fish oils, essential for the absorption of calcium and the prevention of rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults. They include calciferol ( vitamin D2 ) and cholecalciferol ( vitamin D3 ).
Vitamin D3Another term for cholecalciferol.  A sterol essential for the deposition of calcium in bones and formed by the action of sunlight on dehydrocholesterol in the skin. 
Vitamin EAnother term for  tocopherol. Any of several closely related compounds, found in wheatgerm oil, egg yolk, and leafy vegetables, which collectively constitute vitamin E. They are fat-soluble alcohols with antioxidant properties, important in the stabilization of cell membranes.
Vitamin KAny of a group of vitamins found mainly in green leaves and essential for the blood-clotting process. They include phylloquinone ( vitamin K1 ) and menaquinone ( vitamin K2 ).
Vitamin K1Another term for phylloquinone. Found in cabbage, spinach, and other leafy green vegetables, and essential for the blood-clotting process. 
Vitis ViniferaVitis vinifera, the common grape vine, is a species of Vitis, native to the Mediterranean region, central Europe, and southwestern Asia, from Morocco and Portugal north to southern Germany and east to northern Iran.
White leadwortAny of various plants of the genus Ceratostigma, especially C. plumbaginoides, having shiny leaves and blue flowers and often grown as a ground cover. Also called In both senses also called plumbago 
Zinc A mineral that is essential to the body and is a constituent of many enzymes that permit chemical reactions to proceed at normal rates. Zinc is involved in the manufacture of protein (protein synthesis) and in cell division. Zinc is also a constituent of insulin, and it is involved with the sense of smell.

Definitions for the nutrients listed above are sourced from Google and Wikipedia.

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